Who are you?
Are you a Communist?
Are you an Imperialist?
What is your Political Ideology?
Is your Political ideology a choice or hardwired?
If you have answers to all the above questions, then I would suggest not going ahead with the blog as it would be like the one boring speech at Oscar that you would wish to be over soon.
Since you are reading this line, I assume the case to be otherwise. Let me start with explaining what political ideology basically means.
Political Ideology is a belief system that provides a perspective on various political issues, such as the proper role of elected officials and the type of public policies that should be prioritized.
Let me draw an analogy to my Family Tree in order to explain different kinds of political ideologies that will help you determine your political point of view. My family has Grandparents, Parents, Uncle, Aunt, Brother and two Cousins.
A monarchy is a system of government in which one person reigns. When Grandfather is the only head of family and has full control over all other members of the family, we call it Monarchy. Also, Monarchy is typically hereditary i.e. father will become the next monarch after grandfather.
If the members of my family call their monarch as Czar or Tsar, then the ideology will be called Czarism. Hence, Czar is a title used to designate certain European Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers and system of governance is called Czarism.
Republicanism is an ideology in opposition to Monarchy. It is defined as the ideology of governing a society or state as a republic. The key point is that the people hold popular sovereignty, rather than the people being subjects of a king. When the family members advocate for the foundation of a home system that is based on rules, sovereignty of family members and a close connection to the idea of rights and responsibilities, we will call it as Republicanism.
One fine day, if all the family members decide to divide the power among them, this will give birth to another ideology called Federalism. This works on the principle of co-sovereignty or dual-sovereignty. Under this system, grandfather will take care of all decisions related to family on whole. On the other hand, father will be responsible for me and my brother. Same goes for uncle and his kids. Therefore, Federalism refers to the allocation of power between the federal government and the state governments.
A constitution is ought to give powers and limit them as well. Constitutional Ideology doesn’t allow arbitrary, unbridled, uncontrolled powers. Family system is said to have Constitutional ideology when it contains institutionalized mechanisms of power control for the protection of the interests of family members irrespective of their age and sex.
A system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature is called Parliamentalism. Features of parliamentary system are explained with the help of analogy of family system in following points:
- A sovereign or Head of State functions as legal holder of executive power. Similarly, Grandfather is the head of family.
- A head of government known as the prime minister is appointed by head of state. This means grandfather can elect any member who is capable enough to hold the position.
- An executive branch led by head of government is made up of members of legislature. These members execute executive authority. Voting is used to elect these members. Children of family can vote for adult family members to elect the members of home legislature.
- An independent civil service advises on, and implements decisions of ministers. Selection of civil servants is merit-based. Intelligent members of family can expect to hold this position.
A Statist government treats its political sovereignty as a platform for moral sovereignty. The state is therefore not subject to God, the Bible, natural law, or any other religion or ethical system. The Head of State is treated as “God walking on Earth”. For family, the belief that Grandfather is the ultimate authority in the earth and as such is the source of law, morality and righteousness; we can call it Statist ideology.
Capitalism is a free market economic system based on private ownership and entrepreneurship. Family where the economic decisions of members are voluntary and private rather than regulated and mandated by system, we call it a Capitalist home. The self regulating feature of capitalism is competition.
The system where private ownership is replaced by collective ownership of the economy is called Communism. Capitalism was overthrown by communism in order to overcome its drawback of making rich richer and poor poorer.
Socialism refers to the transition state between overthrow of capitalism and realization of communism. It is a social and economic system characterized by social ownership of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy. A socialist family advocates that the home economy should be owned and regulated by all the members of family as whole.
There is a particular form of socialism called as National-socialism or Nazism. This is an ideology of anti-democracy based on racism. If the daughter-in-laws are not given equivalent privileges as other family members stating the fact that they belong to different clan, house would be called to have Nazism ideology. Fascism is a subset of Nazism ideology based on similar idea.
Imperialism is a type of advocacy of empire. It is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through colonization, or use of military force. If the grandfather attempts to control a family in neighborhood typically in want of power, land and other resources by using different means, he will be having Imperialist ideology.
Someone has rightly said that it is always beneficial to get exposed to the ‘way things are done’. Hence, it is important to be sure of your political ideology so as to take part in the process of shaping the government.